Critical Issues in Neonatal Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning Applications

1 month ago MedTech Outlook

Critical Issues in Neonatal Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning Applications

MedTech Outlook |

Tuesday, January 31, 2023

Clinical decision support systems developed using artificial intelligence and machine learning approaches possess transformative potential in improving neonatal care.

FREMONT, CA: Recent advances in artificial intelligence and machine learning (AI/ML) in healthcare have created computer-based clinical decision support systems (CDSS). CDSS may utilize vast quantities of patient data and clinical knowledge to improve diagnostics, alert systems, illness management, prescription, and drug control, among other applications. The trend in CDSS has shifted from using basic thresholds and ad hoc rules for diagnosis to data-driven training, which allows the model to uncover embeddings within very complex and non-linear data to generate unique insights and methods. Despite this, neonatal providers frequently dispute the clinical utility of these systems due to their lack of interpretability and explainability, and numerous statistical learning algorithms continue to evolve to increase therapeutic relevance. Due to out-of-sample difficulties, AI/ML algorithms optimized for one class of data obtained from local systems may need to be more extensively disseminated. In addition, the deployment and spread of these models have been limited due to the immense implementation problems posed by the real-world dynamics of patient care.

AI/ML-enhanced CDSS can address a variety of distinct clinical difficulties faced by neonatal providers. Current AI/ML technologies have become essential components of an evidence-driven and active neonatology care management pipeline from prognosis to clinical management to drug interactions.

As a primary illustration, AI/ML algorithms may prevent excessive or unnecessary blood collection. A leading cause of anemia in neonates in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) is blood loss from laboratory testing. Due to low sample volumes, infectious diseases such as sepsis are frequently overlooked even when blood is collected correctly. AI/ML algorithms can be trained to detect irregularities from even the most minor changes in clinical indications or to do multivariate analysis utilizing their computing capability. Consequently, AI/ML can be trained to employ physiological time-series measurements that are frequently collected as an alternative to intrusive testing.

Infants in the NICU frequently require continuous, long-term electroencephalography monitoring to diagnose subclinical brain impairment. In addition, because the EEG of neonatal patients differs from that of adults, a neurophysiologist with expertise in neonatal neurologic care must be present or accessible in the NICU. AI/ML has an advantage in recognizing even the smallest change in patterns and discovering fresh features to distinguish between categorization labels. AI/ML can thereby improve the process of continuous EEG monitoring and reduce human labor, optimizing the allocation of medical resources.

Lastly, newborn health is intrinsically linked to maternal health. AI/ML techniques can utilize the real-time data collected from newborns and perinatal markers. By completely exploiting both the mother's and neonate's clinical characteristics, the interrelationship between maternal health issues, birth characteristics, and neonatal outcomes may be easily depicted in decision-making.

Despite the promise for AI/ML to improve neonatal care practices, AI/ML applications aimed at neonates were rather restricted until very recently. In addition, there are still many significant obstacles to using these ideas in clinical settings.

Continue reading...

Read On "MedTech Outlook"

More News On "MedTech Outlook"
25 days ago - Alameda County landlords owed thousands in rent, call for an end to eviction moratorium 25 days ago - Monday Feb. 27 COVID-19 update: 4 deaths in Douglas County 25 days ago - State basketball preview: 6A, 5A tournaments return to Weber State’s Dee Events Center this week 25 days ago - One Wealth Advisors LLC invests in Enovix Co. (NASDAQ:ENVX) 26 days ago - Uncommon length makes Pleasant Valley’s 2-3 a no-scoring zone 26 days ago - Study: Back-to-back hurricanes likely to come more often 26 days ago - What’s Happening Vegas? – March 2023 26 days ago - Osceola County community events calendar for 03/01/2023 26 days ago - North Adams, East Clinton, Unioto still alive 26 days ago - North Korea holds rare meeting on farming amid food shortage 26 days ago - 'Dilbert,' Scott Adams lose distributor over racist remarks 26 days ago - Soap or phone call? Colo. lawmakers want to make prison phone calls free 26 days ago - EXPLAINER: Windstorm was likely a derecho. What is that? 26 days ago - What's Happening in Las Vegas for this Year's March Madness 26 days ago - Outsmarting humans just one step for AI video game players 26 days ago - 'Cocaine Bear' gets high with $23.1M, 'Ant-Man' sinks fast 26 days ago - 'Everything Everywhere All at Once' dominates at SAG Awards 26 days ago - Digital Transformation: The Revolutionary Impact of Technology in Africa 26 days ago - ShotSpotter (NASDAQ:SSTI) Price Target Increased to $44.00 by Analysts at Lake Street Capital 26 days ago - Season 3 of Outer Banks disappoints critics; watch only if you were a die-hard fan of earlier seasons, they suggest 26 days ago - Board Game and Card Game Market Size in 2023 with [ STATISTICS FIGURES] Future Development Status and Forecast up to 2029 26 days ago - Tabletop Gaming Market Size in 2023 NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT and Latest Innovation in Analytics Sector till 2029 26 days ago - Celona Offers Most Comprehensive Private 5G Solutions for U.S. and Foreign Markets 26 days ago - ShotSpotter, Inc. (NASDAQ:SSTI) to Post Q1 2023 Earnings of ($0.03) Per Share, Northland Capmk Forecasts 26 days ago - Asian shares track Wall Street decline on hot economic data 27 days ago - Final Nebraska high school swimming and diving season leaders 27 days ago - Girls BB: Saluting Section Champions 27 days ago - Tens of thousands protest Mexico electoral reforms 27 days ago - Third finals appearance the charm for Hortonville's Skebba; Stoffel makes history for Appleton North 27 days ago - Medical Blades Market Business Opportunities, Top Players and Forecast 2030 27 days ago - Central College Dutch Sports Update – 2/26/2023 27 days ago - Buhro takes individual crown as Oak Harbor earns sectional championship 27 days ago - Nebraska conservatives set sights on education takeover – Associated Press 27 days ago - Back-to-back: Minico successfully defends 4A state wrestling championship 27 days ago - Here are Saturday's high school sports results 27 days ago - Farewell, Fontana: NASCAR's last weekend at a racing gem 27 days ago - Kansas Democrats pick Repass as their new chair despite campaign baggage 28 days ago - Tesla’s Global Engineering HQ in Palo Alto — Opening Party Highlights (Pics, Videos, Quotes) 28 days ago - San Ann'as Pizza and Mexican celebrating 45th anniversary 28 days ago - L.A. on the Record: The Senate takes one more look at Garcetti 28 days ago - Dodge County real estate transfers 28 days ago - How UNL instructors are tackling the emergence of ChatGPT and other AI in higher education 28 days ago - Some Democratic-led states seek to bolster voter protections 28 days ago - Casey Vaughan: Only rain should go down a storm drain 28 days ago - Nebraska conservatives set sights on education takeover 28 days ago - West Michigan Conference basketball: Girls and boys roundup from Feb. 24, 2023 – CatchMark Sports 28 days ago - Jeff Yost: Look Upstream 28 days ago - Brokers Set Expectations for ShotSpotter, Inc.'s Q4 2023 Earnings (NASDAQ:SSTI) 28 days ago - Building affordable homes in Fremont 28 days ago - Local chef to open farm-to-table eatery in Fremont 28 days ago - Jeanna Wilcoxen Murder: Where Is Jeremiah Connelly Now? 28 days ago - More than 70 soldiers killed in Burkina Faso, extremists say 28 days ago - Clyde Council to consider citizens raising chickens in town 28 days ago - Wilhelm: More on Jacksons, Willow Hill and efforts to share insight into African American history 28 days ago - STATE HIGH SCHOOL WRESTLING TOURNAMENTS: Crowded at the top ... Trojans third, but well within striking distance in 5A tournament 28 days ago - Bulldog wrestlers have solid day at state 28 days ago - High school boys basketball: 6A/5A second round recap 28 days ago - Head-To-Head Analysis: Amprius Technologies (NYSE:AMPX) & Novanta (NASDAQ:NOVT) 28 days ago - Here are Friday's high school sports results 28 days ago - It’s Official: California Will Be Tesla’s Engineering & AI Headquarters
free geoip