Jill On Money: Is diversification dead?

1 month ago Fremont Tribune

As we settle into 2023, economists and analysts are still trying to answer last year's two-part question: Is the economy still too strong, and is inflation too high, meaning the Fed will have to keep interest rates higher for longer?

The answer may help determine whether the economy slows substantially, prompting the U.S. to enter a recession.

The December jobs report showed how tricky the situation is for the central bank: The economy added 223,000 jobs, which indicates underlying strength in the labor market. But the Fed was likely heartened by the notable slowdown in wage growth to a 4.6% annual pace, the lowest since August 2021.

Against the Fed's uncertainty is a nagging thought: What if this time really is different for investors?

As a reminder, 2022 was a terrible year for stocks and bonds. The S&P 500 fell 19.4%, and the tech-heavy Nasdaq tumbled by 33.1%, led lower by big tech names. Unfortunately, there was no hiding in the bond market, which suffered its worst year in decades, with the S&P aggregate bond index down 12%.

The 2022 results have prompted many in my podcast audience to ask whether diversification is dead or if last year proves that asset allocation does not work. Although I could not have anticipated the magnitude of the 2022 downturn, when I was writing my soon-to-be released book "The Great Money Reset," I posed the following question: Conventional wisdom holds that passive or index investing is best, but is that still true in volatile times?

Here's the answer, from "The Great Money Reset":

"Darn straight it is. As I argued in my previous book, indexing (where you buy a fund that mirrors a specific asset index, such as the S&P 500 stock index or a bond or commodity index) really works, no matter what's happening in the wider world.

"You might shake your head at this, objecting that you're better off putting your money in the latest hot stock du jour. In 2021, that might have been Tesla, which during the decade after its founding saw its stock price rise more than 4,000%. How can the S&P 500 or some other boring old index possibly compete with that?"

(Sidenote: When I chose Tesla as the poster child for upside performance in the book, I could not imagine that 2022 would usher in a 65% loss for the innovative car company.)

"I'll tell you how. None of us knows in advance how a given company will perform. To lower their risk, most active investors (people who buy and sell stocks on an ongoing basis hoping to outdo various indexes) avoid investing in one company and instead buy a basket of stocks.

"When you do that, it becomes very difficult to outperform market indexes over long time periods. ... The key to sound investing isn't to be a genius, staying one step ahead of markets. It's to not blow it by avoiding unforced errors. Don't follow those who are looking for the next rocket-ship stock. Slow, steady, and passive wins the day."

A 2023 addendum: Last year was a grim reminder that diversified portfolios will come with good and bad years. But focusing on one horrible year can divert your attention from achieving long-term goals. Try to drown out the noise and focus on what you can control, like how much you spend and how much you save.

Jill Schlesinger, CFP, is a CBS News business analyst. She welcomes comments and questions at [email protected]











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